Reflection. Hope . By Fabian Massa.


Translated from Spanish to English with Google Translator.

 

Hope.

 

Hope is the last bastion of the soul. A person without hope no longer find meaning in life and therefore is dangerously close to death .

The site says ABC Definition : Hope is defined as one of the most positive and constructive feelings that a human can have . The hope is that feeling that makes an individual builds to a near or distant future situation or welfare improvement . For such feeling becomes present , the person must have an optimistic attitude , becoming then the hope of something better something very difficult to feel in cases of depression , anxiety or anxiety [1 ] .

There are companies that can put hope in their system of government , in its leaders. But there are , even in developed countries, who have been marginalized sectors and which the system does not give rise to any hope for change.

Reflection. Is it necessary to believe in God to go to Heaven? By Fabian Massa


Translated from Spanish to English with Google Translator.

The question would have made the journalist Eugenio Scalfari (agnostic), founder of the newspaper «La Repubblica». The Pope replied in an open letter: «God forgives those who obey his own conscience»

The letter of four pages is intended for non-believers. Pope contradicts himself, because on one side it says:
«The mercy of God has no limits if you are directed to the sincere and contrite heart» and «the truth, according to Christian faith, is the love of God for us in Jesus Christ and therefore the truth is a relationship.»

The Star, the Magi and Jesus.


Translated from Spanish to English with Google Translator.

Visit of the wise
It has the Bible that after the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem [1] came about from the East Wise. These learned men were skilled in astronomy and were not believers. But they saw a great sign in heaven, a star appeared and they were convinced that a unique event was about to happen: The birth of a King. So they set off, following the path of the star, hoping to reach the country where born so important king. In the tradition of the Church out of the East (Iraq? Iran?). According to studies scholar Ratzinger, Pope Benedict XVI, who says in his latest book, The Childhood of Jesus, the Magi departed from somewhere in the old Tartessos (Andalusia, Spain) and East [2].

The Liberation War Israel 1948.


Translated from Spanish to English with Google Translator

1. A little history
The nation of Israel was divided into two at the end of the reign of Solomon in 930 a. C.:
        I. The Kingdom of Israel (North) with its capital in Samaria
      II. The Kingdom of Judah (South) with its capital in Jerusalem.
The Northern Kingdom was destroyed and its inhabitants carried into captivity by the Assyrian empire in 721. C.
The Kingdom of Judah continued until 607 BCE when Nebuchadnezzar conquered the whole region and carried the people away into Babylon:

… By then went up to Jerusalem Nevujadnetzar the servants of the king of Babylon, and the city was besieged … And he took all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all men of valor, ten thousand captives in total, and all the craftsmen and smiths. None remained except the poorest people of the land … And the king of Babylon made Mataniahu, his father’s brother, king of the place and changed its name to Tzidkiahu. (Melachim-Kings-11 24:10-17)
In 537 B.C. under the rule of Cyrus, was authorized to return to Jerusalem of the Jews who so wish to do so, under the leadership of Nehemiah [1] and Ezra [2].
Since then the territory was a province that went from Empire to Empire unable to recover their identity as independent nation. But God had promised to Israel through his prophets:

Nehemiah, a effective spiritual leader.


Translated from Spanish to English with Google Translator.

A. Nehemiah 1
 
Nehemiah had a good job secular, not a pastor or evangelist, or anything like that, he was the King Cupbearer ie had a political office (1. 10) and the load feel sorry state of his nation (1.1 to 4). Nehemiah prays for his people (v. 5-10). Not expected to open heaven and a voice «as of many waters» to say something, but in his spirit he is moved with compassion.

Der dritte Tempel von Jerusalem, Ist es materiell oder spirituell?


Übersetzt aus dem Spanischen ins Deutsche mit Google Translator.

Image

Der Begriff Tempel (aus dem Lateinischen templum) bezeichnet einen Sakralbau. Ursprünglich benutzten das Gebiet als Augur Himmel bezeichnet zu betrachten, was es Vögel gekreuzt und in welchem ​​Sinne und schafft so die Vorzeichen. Viele Religionen, wenn nicht alle, werden als Sakralbauten [1].

Ein wenig Geschichte
Der erste Tempel von Jerusalem
Der Sinn eines Tempels ist, einen physischen Standort für Tagungen und Anbetung haben. Die erste für diesen Zweck war das Zelt der Zusammenkunft in der Zeit des Exodus (Ex.25 bis 40), wie es schlägt Name ist für die Begegnung zwischen Gott und den Menschen. Von der Pentateuch Ex 25 auf der ganzen Tabernacle drehen, wie das ist, wo der Herr zu Moses sprach.
Der Tabernakel von Moses Treffen wurde von der 1. Tempels in Jerusalem durch König Salomo, der Sohn von David gebaut, auf dem Vorplatz der Berg Morija, wo heute die Moschee «Dome of the Rock» ersetzt. Dieser Tempel wurde im Jahr 586 v. Chr. zerstört von Nebukadnezar.

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The Third Temple of Jerusalem, Is it material or spiritual?


Translated from Spanish to English with Google Translator.

Image

The term temple (from the Latin templum) designates a sacred building. Originally, the area designated as the augur sky used to contemplate what birds crossed it and in what sense, thus establishing the omens. Many religions, if not all, are considered sacred buildings [1].

 

A little history
The first Temple of Jerusalem
The sense of a Temple is to have a physical location for meetings and worship. The first one up for this purpose was the Tent of Meeting in the time of the Exodus (Ex.25 to 40), as it name suggests is for the meeting between God and men. From the Pentateuch Ex 25 all revolve around the Tabernacle, as this is where the Lord spoke to Moses.
The Tabernacle of Moses meeting was replaced by the 1st Temple in Jerusalem, built by King Solomon, son of David, on the esplanade of Mount Moriah, where today the Mosque «Dome of the Rock». This temple was destroyed in 586 BCE by Nebuchadnezzar.

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Verfolgung von Christen in den Jahrhunderten I-II


Übersetzt aus dem Spanischen ins Deutsche mit Google Translator.

Die Zeit der frühen christlichen Kirche

Einführung
Vor dem Start der aktuellen Ausgabe ist notwendig, um einige historische Details, die uns helfen, besser zu verstehen, die Tatsachen zu berücksichtigen. Nach dem Lukas-Evangelium (2,2) die Geburt Christi in Bethlehem hatte Logar unter Kaiser Caesar Augustus.

A. Die erste Verfolgung

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Cesar Augusto.

In der Zeit Jesu wurden die Juden der römischen Macht, die Herrschaft über ihre Anwalt oder Gouverneur gehalten unterzogen. Die römischen Behörden verlangten persönlichen und territorialen Steuern für Caesar und Sachleistungen für die Pflege seiner Besatzungstruppen. Die ersten christlichen Gemeinden lebten in der jüdisch-römischen Welt, oder einfach nur heidnisch. Es ist nützlich zu wissen, diese Welt, die Neuheit von Jesus begreifen, seine Möglichkeiten und Verpflichtungen zwangsläufig verletzenden Charakter seiner prophetischen Anklage, der Umfang seiner Ansage: «Der Begriff ist erfüllt, und das Reich Gottes kommt, ändern und haben Glauben an den guten Nachrichten «(Markus 1, 15). Die Aktionen des Jesus von Nazareth betroffen in eine oder andere Weise das Leben der Palästinenser, ihre Institutionen, sozialen Gruppen, religiösen, politischen und dann verbunden mit der Religion. Wenn die kanonischen Evangelien geschrieben wurden, waren mindestens 35 bis 60 Jahre nach dem Tod von Jesus. Das kulturelle Umfeld, in dem die Evangelien geschrieben wurden, hat eine konzeptionelle und symbolische Universum und Ausdrucksweisen ganz anders als heute.

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 Schreiber der Passion von Mel Gibson.

Jesus war gegen die «Unmoral, Diebstahl, Mord, Ehebruch, Habgier, Bosheit, Arglist, Ausschweifung» (Mk 7,20-23), die in Palästina gab. Nein genehmigt die Römer das jüdische Volk zu unterdrücken. Aber in jenen Tagen, die imposante schwerere Lasten zu Menschen wurden und werfen desasistiéndolo Armut, Hilflosigkeit und Hoffnungslosigkeit waren die religiösen und politischen Führer seines Volkes, die nach Jesus, anstatt Hirten waren «Diebe und Banditen Mitarbeiter (Matthäus 23 Die Leiden gegen die Pharisäer). » Jesus hörte die Schreie der von Religion und Gesellschaft seines Volkes marginalisiert und wählte sie auch um den Preis seines Lebens. In kleinen Gebieten durch die römischen Armeen erobert, ernannte der Kaiser von Augustus, Jahr 29 v. Chr., ein Präfekt oder Gouverneur, als seinen Stellvertreter zu direkten alles. Ab 6 bis 41 Jahre der Präfekt von Judäa hieß Rechtsanwalt. Der römische Prokurator von Judäa ist das höchste militärische Macht, sondern hängt von der römischen Legaten von Syrien. Es ist auch der Fiscal Agent des römischen Kaisers, sammelt alle Steuern, die Juden, die römischen Kaiserzeit Treasury zahlen müssen. Unter seinem Kommando sind die Zöllner, von seinen Soldaten gesichert. Die zivile Justiz wird vom Rat ausgeübt, aber die römischen Prokurator Reserven Umsetzung der Todesstrafe.

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Persecution of Christians in the centuries I-II


Translated from Spanish to English with Google Translator.

The time of the early Christian Church

According to the Gospel of Luke (2.2) the birth of Christ in Bethlehem had Logar under Emperor Caesar Augustus.

ImageCesar Augusto.

In the time of Jesus, the Jewish people were subjected to the Roman power that held sway through their solicitor or governor. The Roman authorities demanded personal and territorial taxes for Caesar, and in-kind contributions for the maintenance of its occupation troops. The first Christian communities lived in the Jewish-Roman world, or just pagan. It is useful to know this world to grasp the novelty of Jesus, his options and commitments inevitably hurtful character of his prophetic denunciation, the scope of its announcement: «the term is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God comes, Amend and have faith in the good news «(Mark 1: 15). The actions of Jesus of Nazareth affected in one way or another Palestinian life, its institutions, social groups, religious, political and then linked with religion. When the canonical gospels were written had been at least 35 to 60 years after the death of Jesus. The cultural environment in which the gospels were written has a conceptual and symbolic universe, and modes of expression very different to that of today.

ImageScribes of The Passion of Mel Gibson.
Jesus was against the «immorality, theft, murder, adultery, greed, wickedness, deceit, licentiousness» (Mark 7.20 to 23) that existed in Palestine. No approved the Romans oppress the Jewish people. But in those days, who were imposing heavier burdens to people and throwing desasistiéndolo to poverty, helplessness and hopelessness were the religious and political leaders of his people who, according to Jesus, instead of being shepherds were «thieves and bandits employees (Matthew 23 The Woes against the Pharisees). » Jesus heard the cries of the marginalized by religion and society of his people, and chose them even at the cost of his life. In small territories conquered by the Roman armies, the emperor from Augustus, year 29 BC, appointed a Prefect or Governor as his representative to direct everything. From 6 to 41 years the Prefect of Judea was called Attorney. The Roman Procurator of Judea is the supreme military power, but depends on the Roman legate of Syria. It is also the fiscal agent of the Roman emperor, collects all the taxes that Jews have to pay the Roman imperial treasury. Under his command are the tax collectors, backed by his soldiers. The civilian judiciary is exercised by the council, but the Roman Procurator reserves implementing the death penalty.

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You should not have ….


Translated from Spanish to English with Google translator.

 The Judgment of the Lord to Edom

1 History.

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In Isaiah 34, the Lord gives a harsh sentence against Edom. To understand the cause we need to go a little further back in the timeline. The territory of Edom is located in the mountains east of Wadi Arabah, on the southern border of Jordan and Israel, extending to the north of the Arabian peninsula. Edom occupied the mountainous region southeast of the Dead Sea, originally called Mount Seir (means hairy) another allusion to name Esau means hairy, as a fur coat to see (Genesis 25:25) and later known by the name of Idumea. Extremely rugged mountainous region, its capital was the city of Petra. King David won a decisive victory over the Edomites in the Valley of Salt (2Sa 8:13; into the valley of salt) Although not specified what action caused the battle, probably due to aggression Edomite. In 1 Chronicles 18:12 and in the heading of Psalm 60 is attributed this victory over the Edomites Abishai and Joab respectively:

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